Wikijunior/Lo mond dels felins/Zo, vèni veire los gats!

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Una leona d'Africa que susvelha son territòri

En Africa, se ditz qu'un leon roars Hii inchi na ya nani? Ni yangu, yangu, yangu! (De qui es aqueste airal? Es mieu, mieu, mieu!). It is hard to listen to this ancient challenge without edging a little closer to the campfire. But what is behind that remarkable call? Certainly, to some degree, totes los felins son de gats, everywhere you look. When you see one of the neighborhood tabbies stalking a esquiròl, es coma veire un tigre miniatura que stalking deer dins los meadows of Rhanthambore.

Superb Predators[modificar]

Los tigres e los leons son among nature's grandest predators. A grizzly bear may be larger than a Siberian tiger, but the tiger is much quicker. Un lop may aver a better sense of smell qu'un jaguar, pasmens lo jaguar can handle large prey solet while wolves hunt in packs. Cats have excellent night vision, sharp hearing and enormous physical strength. They sneak up on their prey; the camouflage patterns in their fur and their graceful, quiet movements fa que los felins son de plan mal notice.

There are cats for every job. Totes los continents franc d'Antarctica has its cat king. Africa es regentada pel leon, Asia pel tigre (although the Himalayas too high pels tigres has the snow leopard). En America del sud e del Centre the monarch is certainly the jaguar. North America es lo territòri de the puma. Australia has no big cats, but it has many small cats that descend from tame cats but have since gone wild. Like their giant relatives, these cats have become king predators even if they are much the same as the pet cats that you have met.

The natural order is carefully balanced. There are a few big predators. Under them are more medium sized cats that eat medium sized prey ranging from rabbits to antelopes and deer. Finally, there are many small cats (including loose pet cats) that eat the far more numerous small prey coma los insèctes, rodents, lizards, e d'aucèls. Lo secrèt de their success is the concept of the niche, a special job each cat holds that keeps it from competing amb los autres. A shopping mall with nothing but music stores would see a lot of fighting over customers. Like a shopping mall, a natural environment keeps order by having a varietat de plantas divèrsas, prey species, and hunters. The field mice that don't interest the tigre keep the wild cat happy, e lo guepard zooms after a small antelope e laissa lo buffalo pels leons, plan mai forçuts.

Meat on the Menu[modificar]

Los felins caçan qu'an besonh de carn per subreviure. Animals that eat grass and leaves have special stomachs that allow bacteria time to break down complex plant sugars into the simpler sugars animals can digest. Cats have a very short digestive tract that quickly breaks down meat and absorbs its energy and building materials. Cats cannot survive on a diet of grass, therefore they live from the meat they can get from other plant-eating animals. That is how the food chain works.

Intelligéncia[modificar]

Los felins figuran dins las espècias mai intelligentas de nòstra planeta. They are ranked just behind primates (monkeys e apes), cetaceans (balenas e dalfins), los elefants, los pòrcs e las fòcas. Los leons emplegan d'estrategias de grop per tackle large and dangerous prey. Totes los felins son plan curioses e sabon aprendre rapidament. Large predators need to be extra smart in order to be successful as hunters. Mother cats spend a long time (entre una e doas annadas) a ensenhar a sos offspring the many things they need to know per tal de subreviure. You may also consider this time of their vida as their school time, where aprenon a deal with the world they live in.

Found Everywhere But Safe Nowhere[modificar]

Cats are native to all continents but Australia and Antarctica. Unfortunately, many of these wonderful creatures face extinction or are critically endangered. Cats are often hunted for their fur or meat. They are also killed by people who want the animals that cats hunt all to themselves. Still, other people hunt cats for sport. Worse, the healthy environment that cats need to survive is not being treated with the respect it deserves.

Fortunately, more and more people now think of cats as companions to be admired rather than enemies to be destroyed. Learn more about these great cats and their remarkable world and share what you learn with your family and friends. After all, when we understand something, we can appreciate its value much better. Valuable things, including the marvelous cats, large and small, are worth protecting. To keep these superb predators in the world our children and grandchildren will live in, we must learn to make room for other living things to use Earth's limited resources.

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